Humours

The physiological determinants of health and character. They were four in number: blood, *phlegm, choler, and melancholy or black bile.

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

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  • humours — hu·mour || hjuːmÉ™(r) n. humor, quality of being amusing or entertaining, comedy; ability to appreciate or express something amusing; mood, state of mind, disposition; body fluid (Physiology) v. pamper, indulge, favor, oblige (also humor) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • humours, comedy of — ▪ drama       a dramatic genre most closely associated with the English playwright Ben Jonson (Jonson, Ben) from the late 16th century. The term derives from the Latin humor (more properly umor), meaning “liquid,” and its use in the medieval and… …   Universalium

  • Humours of an Election — The Humours of an Election is a series of four oil paintings and later engravings by William Hogarth that illustrate the election of a member of parliament in Oxfordshire in 1754. The oil paintings were created in 1755. The first three paintings …   Wikipedia

  • humours, doctrine of the four — See four humours …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Comedy of humours — The comedy of humours refers to a genre of dramatic comedy that focuses on a character or range of characters, each of whom has one overriding trait or humour that dominates their personality and conduct. This comic technique may be found in… …   Wikipedia

  • Comedy of Humours —   [ kɔmɪdɪ ɔv hjuːməz] die, , englischer Komödientypus des 16. und frühen 17. Jahrhundert, Vorläufer des Charakterstücks; als Hauptvertreter gilt B. Jonson, der in seinen Komödien Schilderungen von Charakteren gibt, in denen die Körpersäfte… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • comedy of humours — The comedy of Ben Jonson and his school in which the characters, instead of being conceived as rounded individuals, are little more than personifications of single qualities • • • Main Entry: ↑humour …   Useful english dictionary

  • four humours — The fluids of the body whose balance is essential to well being, in the medical theory of Galen . They are blood, choler (yellow bile), phlegm, and melancholy (black bile) …   Philosophy dictionary

  • humour — {{hw}}{{humour}}{{/hw}}s. m. inv. Senso dell umorismo. ETIMOLOGIA: voce ingl., dal franc. humeur, dal lat. humor ‘umore’ …   Enciclopedia di italiano

  • Humorism — Humorism, or humoralism, was a theory of the makeup and workings of the human body adopted by Greek and Roman physicians and philosophers. From Hippocrates onward, the humoral theory was adopted by Greek, Roman and Islamic physicians, and became… …   Wikipedia

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